Parliament House is located at John Mackintosh Square. Lieutenant-Governor, Sir George Don, laid the foundation stone on the 16th. April, 1817.
The building was erected in 1817/1818 by the merchants of the Exchange and Commercial Library and for years it was referred to as the “Exchange Building”.
The merchants of Gibraltar had for some time been feeling the need for such a building since they were not allowed into the Garrison Library, which was for exclusive use of Military Officers.
This was the first prominent representative body of the civilian population pursuing civil rights in a predominantly fortress environment and it also became the forum of petitions to the Governor.It later became the Exchange and Commercial Library. In 1950, the Legislative Council took up residence in the building where it remained until its merger with the City Council in 1969, to become the House of Assembly established by the Gibraltar Constitution Order 1969.
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